Monthly Archives: January 2012

Descripciones – Online Spanish Tutor -Beginners (Podcast 1)



Descripciones – 1



In today’s podcast I present you how to make a description paying attention to physical traits, personality, work and hobbies.

If you want to exploit at most this audio, get the worksheet available where you’ll find the grammar point, vocabulary and expressions that appear in this audio and some exercises to practice your Spanish.


You can download the podcast here.

Express necessity and obligation 3

We have two ways to express necessity and obligation in Spanish: tener que + infinitive and hay que + infinitive.

Look this examples:

Homer Simpson tiene que ponerse a dieta.
Homer Simpson has to go on a diet.

Hay que comer más frutas y verduras diariamente.
One must eat more fruit and vegetables daily.

Both mean almost the same. They are used to say that “someone has to do something” or “something has to be done” but there is an important nuance to take into account in order to choose one form or the other:

  • Tener que + infinitive

Is one way to express obligation or necessity. This expression can be translated as “someone has to do something.” Tener is conjugated according to the subject of the sentence.

  • Hay que + infinitive

Is used to express the idea of “one must do something” or, “it is necessary to do something.” The obligation is not addressed to anybody in particular but to people in general. In fact, the verb “hay” doesn’t change form, is impersonal, since it doesn’t have any subject to accord to.

Here you have some examples to see the differences in use:

Hay que beber al menos dos litros de agua cada día.
At least two litres of water have to be drunk every day.

He empezado a hacer una dieta y el médico me ha dicho que tengo que beber mucha agua.
I started to go on a diet and the doctor told me to drink a lot of water.


Finally, if you want to practice your listening skills, here I leave you with a video class about this topic in Spanish with subtitles in Spanish.




  • I offer comprehensive Spanish language courses aimed at developing the students’ ability to understand, speak, read and write in Spanish.
  • I use the communicative method (focuses on a language as a medium of communication; recognizing that all communication has a social purpose – learner has something to say or find out) and the task-based language learning (focuses on the use of authentic language and on asking students to do meaningful tasks using the target language. Such tasks can include visiting a doctor, conducting an interview, or calling customer service for help).
  • All my lessons are a combination of the 4 abilities no matter which one is your level: reading, writing, listening and speaking from the beginning.