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How to express certainty in Spanish

How do we express that something is true, sure, obvious, certain in Spanish?

There are a lot of expressions, amongst the more common we find:

  •  Está (más que) claro (que / cuál / dónde / cuándo)

Está claro cuándo va a volver Julia de su viaje.
It’s clear when Julia is going to come from her trip.

Está más que claro que ellos ya no están saliendo juntos. 
It’s more than clear that they are not going out together anymore.

  • Es (más que) obvio / evidente (que / quién / dónde / cuándo)

Es obvio dónde está escondido el dinero.
It’s obvious where the money is hidden.

Es más que evidente que los jugadores están descontentos con el entrenador.
It’s more than obvious that the players are unhappy with their trainer.

  • Estoy (completamente / totalmente ) seguro/- a de que…

Estamos seguros de que la empresa va a cerrar pronto.
We are sure the enterprise is going to close soon.

Está completamente segura de que no vendrás a visitarla.
She is completely sure you won’t come to visit her.

Other expressions we can use in a conversation to express our certainty about something are:

  • Es cierto que…

Es cierto que Juan ha adelgazado mucho.
It’s true that Juan has lost a lot of weight

  • Estoy convencido / -a de que

Ana está convencida de que aprobará el examen de conducir.
Ana is convinced that she will pass the driving test.

  • No (me) cabe la menor duda de que…

No  cabe la menor duda de que el Barcelona ganará la liga.
There cannot be the slightest doubt that Barcelona will win the league.

All of these expressions are followed by the indicative mood, since is the mood of the certainty and statements.

 


Hablar del futuro (I): Futuro simple 2

In Spanish, when we want to talk about the future we use the  “futuro imperfecto de indicativo” or Futuro Simple.

FORM

The future is form adding the endings (-é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án) to the infinitive form of the verb. Same endings for the 3 conjugations. Like in the example:

 

 

 

 

 

There are few irregular verbs in the future tense. The irregularities are in the radical but the endings don’t change. Here you have a list of the irregular verbs:

tener > tendr-
salir > sald-
haber > habr-                                          
poner > podr-                                              
venir > vendr-                                          
hacer > har-                                 +             -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án
decir > dir-                                                
querer > querr-                                        
saber > sabr-
caber > cabr-

USE

  • We use the future tense to talk about future actions. It is normally accompanied with temporal markers like: “mañana”, “luego”, “después”…

Example

La semana que viene iré a Sevilla de vacaciones.
Next week I will go to Sevilla on holidays.

  • We also use the future to express probability about the present.

Example

¿Qué hora es? No sé, serán las dos…
What time is it? I don’t know, it will be two…

  • We use the future to make hypotheses.
Example
Ana llega tarde, estará de camino.
Ana is late, she will be on her way.

 

 


Indumentaria tradicional hispana- Online Spanish Tutor – Intermediate (Podcast 12) 1

 

Indumentaria tradicional hispana – 12

 

 

 

In this podcast we will deal with the Hispanic culture through the clothes, I will show you the typical garments in Spain and several South American countries.

If you want to exploit at most this audio, get the worksheet available where you’ll find the grammar point, vocabulary and expressions that appear in this audio and some exercises to practice your Spanish. You will learn how to tell a story and a couple of very interesting grammar tips. In the latter pages you will find some exercises to practice what you learn.

You can download the podcast here.

 

 

 


¿Dónde está la Catedral? – Online Spanish Tutor – Beginners (Podcast 11)

 

Dar direcciones – 11

 

 

In this podcast you will learn how to ask and give directions in Spanish, all the vocabulary related with this and we will also deal with the usage of the formal and informal way of addressing someone in Spanish with “tú” and “usted”.

If you want to exploit at most this audio, get the worksheet available where you’ll find the grammar point, vocabulary and expressions that appear in this audio and some exercises to practice your Spanish. You will learn how to tell a story and a couple of very interesting grammar tips. In the latter pages you will find some exercises to practice what you learn.

You can download the podcast here.


Estereotipos – Online Spanish Tutor – Intermediate (Podcast 10)

 

Estereotipos

 

 

In this podcast you will learn very interesting vocabulary related with stereotypes, where the concept comes from and how the stereotypes affect the society. We will also deal with a very useful grammar point.

If you want to exploit at most this audio, get the worksheet available where you’ll find the grammar point, vocabulary and expressions that appear in this audio and some exercises to practice your Spanish. You will learn how to tell a story and a couple of very interesting grammar tips. In the latter pages you will find some exercises to practice what you learn.

You can download the podcast here.

 



How to give instructions in Spanish

There are 2 ways to give instructions in Spanish:

1. Imperative afirmative

2. Impersonal “se”

IMPERATIVE AFIRMATIVE

The imperative is used to give orders, instructions, requests… The imperative has only 4 forms: tú, usted, vosotros, ustedes.

Regular

 

 

 

 

Remember that when the imperative is accompanied with pronouns, the pronouns are attached to the verb making just one word.

Example:

– ¿Cierro la ventana? – Sí, ciérrala.
– Do I close the window? – Yes, close it.

– Pela las patatas, lávalas y córtalas.
– Peal the potatoes, wash them and cut them.

There are some irregular verbs

 

 

 

 

IMPERSONAL “SE”

The word “se” has many uses in Spanish. In some cases “se” is used in an impersonal sense. The impersonal “se” structure is a way of talking about things that get done when the subject is unknown or unimportant. This is a very common structure in Spanish but English doesn’t have this structure so it is translated in different ways depending on the meaning. One of the uses, the one that is important for us in this article, is to give instructions.

Example:

– La paella se hace con arroz, carne, verduras y pescado. Primero se fríen los trozos de carne y pescado y las verduras. Luego se añade el arroz y el agua.
– The paella is made with rice, meat, vegetables and fish. First, the meat and fish pieces are fried. Then we add the rice and the water.